ENGL 103 B21: Retrospective Globalisms: From Satire to the Western


ENGL 103 B21: “Retrospective Globalisms: From Satire to the Western” is a course that offers a unique perspective on the concept of globalism. In this essay, we will discuss the fundamental themes and works covered in the course to gain a deeper understanding.

Globalism and Its Retrospective Exploration

Globalism is a multifaceted concept that has gained considerable attention in recent years, primarily in the context of politics, economics, and culture. It denotes a process by which the world becomes more interconnected. However, the course “Retrospective Globalisms” takes a distinctive approach by exploring globalism retrospectively.

The Role of Satire in Retrospective Globalism

Satire is a powerful literary and cultural tool that has been employed to comment on and critique societal norms, behaviors, and institutions. The course begins its exploration of retrospective globalism with satire as a medium to analyze the global interactions

One of the key works discussed in this section is Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels.” Swift’s masterpiece provides a satirical portrayal of the broader world. Through these travels, Swift exposes the absurdities of human nature, society, and politics. His narrative satirizes not only British society but also European interactions with other cultures, such as the Lilliputians and Brobdingnagians. “Gulliver’s Travels” serves as a lens through which the course delves into globalism’s early manifestations, offering insights into the European perspective on other nations during the 18th century.

Satire continues to be a theme that resonates throughout the course as it moves forward in time. The satirical exploration of globalism transcends Swift and extends to modern works as well. Through these works, students gain a nuanced understanding of how the use of satire in literature has evolved to address contemporary global issues.

Globalism and Imperialism: The 19th Century and Beyond

The course then transitions to a crucial period in global history—the 19th century. This era saw the height of European imperialism and colonialism, with empires expanding their dominions across the world. The literature from this period, such as Joseph Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness” and Rudyard Kipling’s “The White Man’s Burden,” delves into the imperialist mindset and the impact of European colonialism on non-Western societies. These works raise questions about the ethics and consequences of imperial endeavors and their global implications.

“Retrospective Globalisms” scrutinizes the complexities of imperialism by emphasizing the narratives of colonized peoples. Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart,” for example, provides an indigenous perspective on colonialism.

The Western Genre and Globalism

Another intriguing aspect of the course is its exploration of the Western genre in the context of globalism. The Western genre typically conjures images of rugged cowboys, vast landscapes, and showdowns in the American frontier. However, this genre, deeply rooted in American culture, has global implications. Films like Akira Kurosawa’s “Seven Samurai” and Sergio Leone’s “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly” illustrate the transcultural nature of Western narratives.

By studying the Western genre in “Retrospective Globalisms,” students gain a more profound understanding of how narratives and cultural elements travel across borders and influence global storytelling. This exploration highlights the adaptability of stories and their ability to resonate with diverse audiences worldwide.

Globalism in Contemporary Literature and Culture

The course concludes by examining globalism in contemporary literature and culture. In a world where globalization has accelerated, the literature of our time reflects the complex interplay of cultures. Works such as Mohsin Hamid’s “Exit West” and Zadie Smith’s “White Teeth” provide insight into the challenges and opportunities of a globalized world. These novels explore themes like migration, multiculturalism, and the consequences of global interconnectedness.

“Retrospective Globalisms” encourages students to consider how contemporary authors address issues that are pertinent to our era. It prompts them to analyze how narratives reflect the contemporary global landscape and its evolving dynamics.


ENGL 103 B21: “Retrospective Globalisms: From Satire to the Western” offers a comprehensive exploration of globalism from a unique perspective. Through the lens of satire, imperialism, and the Western genre, the course sheds light on the evolving nature of globalism and its impact on human society.

In conclusion, “Retrospective Globalisms” is a captivating and insightful course that not only deepens our appreciation for literature and culture in ENGL 103 B21

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